The three most responsible restaurants of Burger Week receive recognition from SDSN Bolivia

Green Salad & More, The Carrot Tree and Harry’s Burger Club would be the businesses whose sustainable practices most support the fulfillment of Sustainable Development Goal No. 12: Responsible Consumption and Production.

Abel Jarmusz, Founder and Owner of Green Salad & More.

The Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN Bolivia) is promoted by the United Nations and promotes the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). On this occasion, the network specifically promoted SDG No. 12 through the subsidy of biodegradable packaging for restaurants participating in Burger Week, a local gastronomic event, promoting the reduction of single-use plastic waste by restaurants and consumers.

As a complementary action to this effort, SDSN Bolivia developed an evaluation system that allowed an analysis to recognize and reward the three restaurants whose practices are the most responsible, guaranteeing sustainable consumption and production methods. The information used for the analysis was first-hand. The data was collected through visits to the restaurants that allowed it. In-depth interviews with managers, chefs, and owners were also conducted.

During the research process, the evaluation criteria for the analysis were strictly related to SDG No. 12 and the goals defined for it in the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda. In the varied list of indicators, the main highlights included consumption of national and local products, the reduction of waste of served food, as well as during the production and supply chains, the efficient use of natural resources, the ecological and rational management of chemical products and their release to the atmosphere, water and soil. Waste prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse activities, among other sustainable practices, were also evaluated.

Based on a comparative scale and its extensive knowledge of the SDG information in Bolivia, SDSN Bolivia defined the three winners of the contest: Green Salad & More, The Carrot Tree and Harry’s Burger Club.

Green Salad & More

The SDSN Bolivia team delivers 1st place to Green Salad & More.

“The first place was occupied by Green Salad & More, since its main vision is to sell ‘health’, promoting a healthy lifestyle and showing a high responsibility from producer to consumer” mentioned Stefano Canelas, Institutional Communications Coordinator at SDSN Bolivia. Additionally, he mentioned that the restaurant’s oil waste generation is almost nil, avoiding a high environmental impact. Likewise, the restaurant promotes local products such as quinoa, and even Amazonian fruits such as açaí, copoazú, majo and red arazá. The business also has a biodegradable packaging policy, avoiding the use of plastics as much as possible, and using only ceramic and glass tableware inside the restaurant.

The restaurant works with the Autonomous Municipal Government of La Paz to separate its waste (glass, plastic, cardboard and organic waste) and is part of “Ágape”, a space that offers consumers ovo-lacto-vegetarian options, in addition to supporting products premises and animal care. Green Salad & More also uses its space to promote the circular economy, as a collection point for eggs and soda caps (to strengthen campaigns to help children suffering from Cancer).

 

 

The Carrot Tree

The SDSN Bolivia team delivers 2nd place to The Carrot Tree.

One of the sustainable practices that earned The Carrot Tree second place was its policy of using Bolivian products that are as natural and organic as possible, fostering the local employment of local producers, such as the coffee from Caranavi. The business promotes local products like tarwi and offers innovative options like vegan bacon. The place has even promoted recipes based on specifically local products on television and also promotes their consumption in their menu. In addition, the restaurant works almost directly with food producers, reducing supply chains and environmental impacts. The Carrot Tree uses biodegradable packaging instead of plastic bags and bulbs. Finally, in this place the circular economy is promoted through the use of recycled furniture and ornaments, giving them a second life. The business also carries out a selection process for glass, plastic, cardboard and organic waste.

 

 

 

Harry’s Burger Club

El equipo de SDSN Bolivia entrega el 3er lugar a Harry’s Burger Club y Cloud Kitchen.

The main reason why Harry’s Burger Club ranks third was the efficient use of its infrastructure with 6 other restaurants, under the name Cloud Kitchen. The system has managed to make the use of resources such as water, electricity and gas more efficiently, also reducing carbon emissions by having a single supply chain. The venture also avoids the use of plastic bags and packaging. Similarly, it separates and delivers organic waste to a garden for compost, in addition to delivering its oil weekly to an NGO that uses it as a raw material for making soaps and other personal care products.

Its policies also include the use of rechargeable batteries and the promotion of local products such as potato bread, the La Paz hamburger dish and others. The business offers vegetarian options and different gastronomic specialties.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SDSN Bolivia works constantly to promote the SDGs, having published the “Municipal Atlas of the Sustainable Development Goals in Bolivia 2020”, a book that shows the status of the Sustainable Development Goals for each of the 339 municipalities in Bolivia. All the information collected and generated is open to the public and available to researchers, public managers, businessmen and civil society, to facilitate evidence-based decision-making. The document is available at: www.sdsnbolivia.org/Atlas

SDSN Bolivia promueve el ODS 12 en este Burger Week

Durante esta 8va versión del Burger Week en La Paz, SDSN Bolivia promueve la producción y el consumo responsable y la reducción del uso de plásticos descartables.

SDSN Bolivia es una red impulsada por la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, que impulsa, en coordinación con otras instituciones, los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) en Bolivia. Para esta versión de Burger Week hemos decidido apoyar específicamente el ODS 12: Producción y Consumo Responsables a través de la subvención de empaques biodegradables para los restaurantes participantes.

Además de esta acción, SDSN Bolivia ha elaborado un criterio de evaluación que aplicará a los restaurantes participantes que así lo permitan. A través del mismo, definiremos a los 3 restaurantes más responsables del Burger Week, para poder así premiar a aquellos cuyas prácticas sean sobresalientemente responsables. Los reconocimientos serán entregados a los restaurantes una vez que el 8vo Burger Week haya culminado.

Entre algunos de los criterios que se considerarán para una mayor puntuación en la escala de evaluación están: el promover el consumo de productos nacionales y locales, la reducción del desperdicio de alimentos servidos y en las cadenas de producción y de suministro, el uso eficiente de los recursos naturales, la gestión ecológicamente racional de los productos químicos y de su liberación a la atmósfera, el agua y el suelo. También se evaluarán actividades de prevención, reducción, reciclado y reutilización de desechos, entre otras.

Para aprender más sobre los ODS, haga click aquí.

Inscripciones abiertas para el Diplomado en Economía para el Desarrollo Sostenible (DEEDS)

Este septiembre inicia el Diplomado en Economía para el Desarrollo Sostenible (DEEDS), organizado y puesto en marcha por la Universidad Privada Boliviana (UPB), con el apoyo académico de SDSN Bolivia y de ONU-Habitat. El diplomado cubre temáticas relacionadas a los 17 Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) de la Agenda 2030, acordada por los 193 países que conforman la Asamblea General de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU) en 2015; que apunta a un mundo sin pobreza, acceso a todos los servicios básicos, la convivencia pacífica y el cuidado del planeta.

En el programa se presentan y discuten los conceptos, datos y herramientas que equiparán a los participantes para poder contribuir al logro de los ODS. El enfoque es altamente práctico, diseñado para identificar y analizar los obstáculos más importantes para el desarrollo sostenible en Bolivia a nivel nacional y subnacional.

Descarga ahora la cartilla del Diplomado en Economía para el Desarrollo Sostenible (Click aquí)

Inicio del curso: 20 de septiembre de 2021
Duración: 5 meses (200 horas)
Horarios: Lunes a viernes: 19:00 a 22:00, y sábados: 9:00 a 12:00, en semanas intercaladas.
Modalidad: Remota y mixta.
Inversión: $us. 980.- (en 5 pagos).

Información adicional e inscripciones:
Marcela Moscoso, Coordinadora de reclutamiento
WhatsApp: +59172085006
marcelamoscoso@upb.edu

 

 

 

SDSN Bolivia colabora a la Global Living Wage Coalition para medir salarios dignos en el mundo

A principios de mayo, SDSN Bolivia firmó un acuerdo con la Coalición Global de Salario Digno (GLWC) para ayudar a calcular, publicar y actualizar los estándares de comparación de los salarios dignos, utilizando la metodología Anker. 

El logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible para 2030 depende fundamentalmente de que todos los trabajadores del mundo ganen un salario digno, no solo porque la remuneración por la actividad laboral es la principal fuente de ingresos para la mayoría de las personas en el mundo, sino también porque las sociedades prósperas dependen de ciudadanos libres de explotación e indigencia.

El concepto de salario digno se refiere a un salario que permitiría a una familia trabajadora típica vivir una vida modesta pero decente, incluyendo el acceso a una dieta nutritiva y una vivienda mínimamente aceptable. Un salario digno también debería ser suficiente para permitir que la familia viva unida, en lugar de que algunos miembros deban migrar y separarse para complementar los ingresos familiares.

El equipo de SDSN Bolivia creer que los estándares de comparación objetivos, estandarizados y ampliamente aceptados, son el primer paso hacia el logro de salarios que sacarían a todos los trabajadores de la pobreza. Los estándares actualizados pueden ayudar a negociar una distribución justa del valor generado dentro de las cadenas de suministro globales, asegurando que todos los involucrados en la producción, procesamiento, distribución, etc., ganen al menos un salario digno.

Por lo tanto, se ha iniciado una colaboración con Global Living Wage Coalition (https://www.globallivingwage.org/) para ayudar a calcular, publicar y actualizar los estándares de comparación de salario digno para diferentes lugares del mundo utilizando la Metodología de salario digno de Anker.

En los próximos años, el equipo será responsable de actualizar sistemáticamente los estándares de comparación de salarios dignos y realizará una serie de estudios en América Latina.

Para obtener más información, visite www.sdsnbolivia.org/proyectoshttps://www.globallivingwage.org/.

Tourism as a Key Driver of Sustainable Development in Bolivia

Before the pandemic, tourism was one of the fastest growing industries in the world. According to the World Tourism Organization, in 2018 the number of international tourist arrivals worldwide reached 1.4 billion [1]. Likewise, 2018 was the seventh consecutive year where tourism exports growth (+ 4%) exceeded merchandise exports growth (+ 3%). Additionally, the travel and tourism industry accounted for 10.4% of the global GDP, and a similar share in employment in 2018, showing the industry’s vital role in the global economy.

 

Tourism in Bolivia

The numbers above show how promising this industry is globally. In the case of Bolivia, despite limited public investment, the outlook is even better. Graph 1 shows that the income generated by inbound tourism in Bolivia has increased at a rate greater than 10% annually between 2006 and 2019.

 

Graph 1: Spending by foreigner visitors in Bolivia, 2006 – 2019 (millions of dollars)

Source: Authors’ elaboration based on official data from the National Statistics Institute (INE) (https://www.ine.gob.bo/index.php/estadisticas-economicas/turismo/gasto-de-turismo-receptor-y-emisor-introduccion/). Note: Preliminary.

 

In 2019, international tourism was the fourth most important export product in the country, after natural gas, gold and zinc, and above soy and its derivatives (see Graph 2).

 

Graph 2: Inbound Tourism Income Compared to Top Ten Export Products, 2019 ($ million)

Source: Authors’ elaboration based on official data from the National Statistics Institute (INE) (http://web3.ine.gob.bo:8082/comex/make_table.jsp)

 

Graph 3 shows that the number of foreign visitors has increased from 529,601 in 2008 to 1,239,281 in 2019, which corresponds to an average annual growth rate of 8.0%.

 

Graph 3: Arrival of foreign visitors to Bolivia, 2008-2019 (number of people)

Source: Authors’ elaboration based on official data from the National Statistics Institute (INE) (https://www.ine.gob.bo/index.php/estadisticas-economicas/turismo/estadisticas-de-flujo-de-visitantes-introduccion/) Note: Preliminary

 

Combining the information from Graphs 1 and 3, we calculate that the average spending per foreign visitor rose only slightly from USD 656 to 676 between 2008 and 2019.

According to UDAPE, only 15% of the spending is on accommodation, while 63% is on services such as transportation, food and recreation. The remaining 22% is spent on goods such as souvenirs, handicrafts, clothing and/or gifts [2].

The hotel and gastronomic offers have increased dramatically in the last 10 years. In 2010 there were 5,209 formal companies registered at Fundempresa in the hotels, catering and tourism sector, yet currently this number has almost quadrupled, corresponding to an average annual growth rate of 14%.

The supply has grown faster in Pando and Tarija, but the greatest increase was in Santa Cruz, where 4,636 new companies were established in the area during the last 10 years (see Graph 4).

 

Graph 4: Number of companies registered in accommodation and food services activities, by department, 2010-2020

Source: Authors’ elaboration based on data from Fundempresa (https://fundempresa.org.bo/estadisticas/)

The investment of private actors in tourism has been carried out in a context in which Bolivia faces both advantages and disadvantages. Among the advantages, the latest Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report [3] mentions that Bolivia is the country in the region that has improved the most in the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) between 2017 and 2019, rising in the ranking from position 99 to 90 out of 140 countries evaluated.

 

The areas where Bolivia has the most advantages are:

– Natural resources (# 27)

– Cultural resources and business travel (#50)

– Price competitiveness (#61)

 

On the other hand, Bolivia faces challenges in:

– Human resources and labor market (#114)

– Prioritization of travel & tourism (# 116)

– Ground and port infrastructure (# 127)

– Business environment (#139)

 

Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals

The 2030 Agenda mentions tourism in several of the Sustainable Development Goals. In SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth), Target 8.9 seeks to “devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.” This target exists because the tourism sector is particularly dynamic and transversal, with multiplier effects on different areas such as: the food and beverage industry, textiles, jewelry, handicrafts, transportation, construction, entertainment, and communication. For this reason, it can become a great catalyst of development for local economies.

In Bolivia, tourism already generates more jobs than the mining and natural gas industries combined [4]. It not only generates a wide variety of jobs, compatible with many different types of skills, but it also tends to provide better working conditions than traditional sectors, such as mining or agriculture. Furthermore, in terms of SDG 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls), the tourism sector has a lot of potential, since more than 70% of the population employed in tourism are women [4].

The geographical and cultural diversity of Bolivia create potential competitive advantages in the areas of eco-tourism as well as adventure, cultural, and culinary tourism. These types of tourism are characterized by low environmental impacts and well as attention to the well-being of local populations.

For all these reasons, tourism can become a key driver of sustainable development, contributing to economic growth, employment creation, gender equality, and improved living conditions of the local inhabitants through increased coverage of basic services, in addition to promoting environmental protection.

Although tourism is one of the sectors most adversely affected by COVID-19 across the world, the particular characteristics of the type of tourism activities that Bolivia offers (eco-tourism, adventure tourism, extreme sports, etc.) make a quick recovery more likely, as they involve mostly young people being outdoors in nature.

References

[1] World Tourism Organization (2019), International Tourism Highlights, 2019 Edition, UNWTO, Madrid, DOI: https://doi.org/10.18111/9789284421152

[2] Unidad de Análisis de Políticas Sociales y Económicas (2016), Tomo V Turismo. Diagnósticos Sectoriales. En: http://www.udape.gob.bo/portales_html/diagnosticos/diagnostico2018/documentos/TOMO-V-Turismo-10.07.18.html

[3] Calderwood, L. U., & Soshkin, M. (2019). The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2019. In World Economic Forum. Disponible en línea: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TTCR_2019.pdf. Ver también página web interactiva: http://reports.weforum.org/travel-and-tourism-competitiveness-report-2019/rankings/?doing_wp_cron=1607099161.9970541000366210937500#series=TTCI

[4] AnálisisReal-Latinoamérica (2018) El Sistema Económico de los Sistemas Locales: el potencial de los 339 municipios de Bolivia. La Paz, Bolivia: AnálisisReal-Latinoamérica y Fundación Jubileo. Junio.

 

* SDSN Bolivia.

The viewpoints expressed in the blog are the responsibility of the authors and do not reflect the position of their institutions.

SDSN Bolivia reconoce al municipio de La Paz y al departamento de Tarija por sus índices de desarrollo sostenible.

SDSN Bolivia, en colaboración con la UPB y Solydes, anunció el lanzamiento del libro, que analiza el estado de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) en los municipios en Bolivia. También se reconoció al Municipio de La Paz y al Departamento de Tarija.

La presentación del nuevo Atlas Municipal de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible en Bolivia 2020 se llevó a cabo hoy. Este documento fue elaborado tras un exhaustivo estudio llevado a cabo en los 339 municipios del país, con el fin de observar y anotar el nivel de cumplimiento en torno a los ODS planteados por Naciones Unidas.

El municipio de La Paz alcanzó el Índice de Desarrollo Sostenible más alto del país, según el estudio. Esto se debe a que la ciudad asegura una buena calidad de vida para sus habitantes con relativamente pocos recursos y con un impacto adverso menor sobre el medioambiente. El municipio es número 1 en el ODS 11 (Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles), con todos los indicadores en verde por el bajo nivel de hacinamiento. También es primero en el ODS 8: Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico.

Por otro lado, entre los 9 departamentos, Tarija logró el mejor índice de Desarrollo Sostenible del país. Su buen crecimiento no estuvo limitado a la capital sino que se vio reflejado en todos los municipios tarijeños, con una delantera departamental en varios ODS, como Salud y bienestar (ODS 3), Igualdad de género (ODS 5), Agua limpia y saneamiento (ODS 6), Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico (ODS 8), entre otros.

La coordinadora general del proyecto y Directora Ejecutiva de SDSN Bolivia, Lykke E. Andersen, otorgó un reconocimiento al Alcalde Municipal de La Paz, Luis Revilla Herrero, quien también compartió unas palabras con el público y explicó cómo se tomas las decisiones en el contexto de los gobiernos municipales, tomando en cuenta las verdaderas necesidades de la población y teniendo en mente los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. A continuación, Marcelo Arroyo, del Gobierno Autónomo Municipal de La Paz, realizó una presentación sobre la Agenda de los ODS en La Paz. Finalmente, Carlos Iturralde, Presidente de SDSN Bolivia, brindó unas palabras de reconocimiento también al departamento de Tarija.

El Atlas Municipal aborda una diversidad de temas como pobreza, salud, educación, acceso a servicios, igualdad de género, infraestructura productiva, impactos medioambientales, entre otros. La información es presentada mediante datos procesados y claros, para facilitar la interpretación de la situación de cada municipio. Todo el material recopilado y generado está abierto al público. Se espera que sea de gran utilidad para investigadores, gestores públicos, empresarios y para la sociedad civil en general, que contará con una herramienta de aplicaciones múltiples. Disponible en www.sdsnbolivia.org/atlas

Learning from the Best and the Worst: Lessons from the First Six Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic

The SARS-CoV-2 virus is washing over the world in waves, with surprisingly different impacts. Some countries were hit incredibly hard, completely overwhelming health systems and catapulting COVID-19 to easily become the main cause of death (e.g. Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador). Other countries experienced widespread infection hardly noticed by the infected despite several structural disadvantages. For example, Tokyo, with the world’s oldest population and extremely high population densities, experienced very low COVID-19 mortality rates, as did slums in India, with extremely poor people without access to basic services and without any possibility of social distancing. Yet other countries managed to contain the virus through thorough testing, tracing and isolating the infected people.

With many countries now entering their second wave, and governments starting to panic at the prospect of the cool weather huddling people indoors where the virus spreads much more efficiently, it is important to learn as much as possible from the first wave.

A new working paper, recently published by the Institute for Advanced Development Studies in Bolivia, evaluates the impacts the pandemic’s first six months on deaths and on the quality of life, in 124 countries. Changes in quantity of life are measured as life years lost to COVID-19, including excess deaths not officially reported as COVID-19 deaths. Changes in quality of life are proxied by the average change in daily mobility, compared to a pre-COVID baseline. The paper finds a significantly negative correlation between the two, meaning that the countries with the largest reductions in mobility are also the countries with the highest number of years of life lost.

The results suggest that even the strictest lockdowns during many months, with no school, nor public transportation, social activities, and only absolutely essential work -with police and military in the streets to enforce restrictions- cannot prevent the spread of the virus. It therefore seems optimistic to believe that the half-hearted lockdowns currently implemented in some European countries will have any chance of significantly reducing infection rates.

The paper calculates the total loss of life years during the first six months of the pandemic at 15 million years, corresponding to 0.006% of all expected remaining life years in the world. For comparison, at least thrice as many life years are lost every six months due to children dying of diarrhea. About 28 million new years of life are created every day from babies being born, so, globally, in six months the pandemic set us back about 14 hours in terms of quantity of life.

The setbacks in terms of quality of life are several orders of magnitude larger. Some countries have suffered more than 50% reduction in mobility sustained over half a year, with many devastating effects on quality of life. Globally, the equivalent of 400 million full-time jobs were lost. GDP is estimated to have been set back about three years, poverty about five years, and the tourism industry about 20 years. The already large inequalities in access to quality education have been further widened, leaving hundreds of millions of disadvantaged children farther behind. Even countries that managed the pandemic relatively well are suffering large economic contractions due to the negative spillover effects from other countries.

COVID-19 is bad, but it is important not to make things even worse by imposing ineffective or counterproductive policies. Most countries missed the early opportunity of eradicating the virus, so their best options are to: i) slow the spread of the virus, so that it is manageable, and ii) reduce its lethality.

To slow the spread of the virus, the paper recommends cheap and sustainable behavioral changes, such as physical distancing, hand washing, mask wearing, good ventilation, avoiding crowds, meeting with as few different people as possible, working from home when possible, walking or cycling instead of using public transportation, reducing the amount of in-person classes in schools and universities, and of course staying at home when sick or potentially infected. Risks vary tremendously from person to person, from place to place, and over time, so it is best to let individuals decide, together with their family members, colleagues and friends, how strictly to apply these measures in any given situation. Every decision involves costs and benefits, and it is impossible for a central authority to make these very complicated calculations.

What to do about schools is a particularly challenging decision, however, as these community hubs integrate people with vastly different risks. Clearly, a variety of options should be available for students, but cancelling school altogether is a very bad decision, as it disproportionately and permanently harms disadvantaged children, and it doesn’t even save teachers. Bolivia cancelled the entire school year, and no teacher has been in contact with students since the beginning of the pandemic. Still, at least 10 times more teachers have died from COVID-19 in Bolivia, than in Sweden, where primary school education has continued without any modifications.

To reduce the lethality of the virus, the authors of the paper recommend that everybody maximizes their immune system, by a healthy diet, making sure they are not deficient in any crucial vitamins and minerals, getting daily exercise and fresh air, and avoiding stress, so that if or when they get exposed to the virus, the immune system can easily defeat it. Lockdowns have the exact opposite effect, especially on relatively disadvantaged people.

For more details, please download the full paper here.

* SDSN Bolivia.

The viewpoints expressed in the blog are the responsibility of the authors and do not reflect the position of their institutions.