Mix-and-Match: Why We Need More Flexibility in COVID-19 Vaccination Protocols
By: Lykke E. Andersen*

Many countries, including Bolivia, have extremely rigid COVID-19 vaccination protocols. These were developed based on the original trial data for each vaccine. The first vaccine you get is pretty much randomly
Tourism as a Key Driver of Sustainable Development in Bolivia
By: Lykke E. Andersen*
Alejandra Gonzales Rocabado*
Before the pandemic, tourism was one of the fastest growing industries in the world. According to the World Tourism Organization, in 2018 the number of international tourist arrivals worldwide reached 1.4 billion
Learning from the Best and the Worst: Lessons from the First Six Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic
By: Lykke E. Andersen*

The SARS-CoV-2 virus is washing over the world in waves, with surprisingly different impacts. Some countries were hit incredibly hard, completely overwhelming health systems and catapulting COVID-19 to easily
(Español) Que no te de miedo ir a votar
By: Lykke E. Andersen*
Gabriel Eduardo Weise**
Sorry, this entry is only available in European
(Español) Una lluvia de plástico… literal
By: Alejandra Gonzales Rocabado*

Sorry, this entry is only available in European
Una propuesta para la medición de la pobreza multidimensional en Bolivia a nivel municipal
By: Lykke E. Andersen
Boris Branisa
Sorry, this entry is only available in European
Democracy Versus Health: 7 Suggestions for Safe Elections in Bolivia During a Pandemic
By: Lykke E. Andersen

Por: Lykke E. Andersen, Ph.D.*         Bolivia is currently in a democratic limbo, without an elected president and with a politically, geographically and ethnically polarized
Banning GM crops is a mistake
By: Joaquín Zenteno Hopp

By: Joaquín Zenteno Hopp*. Bolivian researcher, PhD candidate: “Responsible Innovation”. Mohnsenteret, HVL Norway.     Confusion, misinformation, and heightened emotions are to be expected in any debate
Índice Municipal de Vulnerabilidad al Cambio Climático
By: Lykke E. Andersen
Juan Carlos Ledezma
Por: Lykke E. Andersen* y Juan Carlos Ledezma** En 2015, Conservación Internacional publicó el Atlas de Cambio Climático en Bolivia, el mismo incluye un análisis municipal de la vulnerabilidad al cambio
Bolivia is Incredibly Heterogeneous – Let’s Take Advantage of That When Fighting COVID-19
By: Lykke E. Andersen

By: Lykke E. Andersen, Ph.D.*   “The only way to avoid ‘groupthink’ and blind spots is to ensure representatives with diverse backgrounds and expertise are at the table when major decisions are
Between a Wall and a Nasty Virus
By: Lykke E. Andersen
José Acuña
Luis Gonzales
During the present COVID-19 pandemic, most countries in the world have failed at implementing precise measures of testing, contact tracing and quarantining of sick and infectious people. Instead they have
Forty Days of Quarantine – What Have We Learned?
By: Lykke E. Andersen

 “There are lies, damn lies, and COVID-19 statistics” Johan Norberg     The term quarantine comes from a venetian word meaning “forty days” which was the number of days in which ships and people
Education Inequality in Bolivia
By: Lykke E. Andersen
Juan Andrés Giussani
While inequality indicators are usually calculated using monetary income or consumption data, they can be calculated on any variable of interest, thus informing us about other types of inequality in society. In
Measuring Inequality at the Sub-National Level in Bolivia
By: Lykke E. Andersen
Juan Andrés Giussani
Midiendo la desigualdad a nivel sub-nacional en Bolivia
The scale of inequality in the world is staggering. In 2018, the average inhabitant of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, and Ireland earned more in two days than what the average inhabitant of Malawi and Burundi
What is the collective transportation situation in Bolivia?
By: Alejandra Gonzales Rocabado*

The world population has been increasing greatly, growing from 2.6 billion in 1950 to 7.3 billion by 2015. The world population is estimated to reach 8.5 billion by 2030 [1]. Due to rural-urban migration, this
Let's reuse our waste
By: Alejandra Gonzales*

Today, climate change and waste generation are fairly addressed issues, not just by environmentalists, but by the general public. However, little is known about their relationship and the nexus between the two
Tackling the inherent contradictions in SDG 5 on Gender Equality
By: Lykke E. Andersen*
Line Munk**
While the icon for SDG 5 says “Gender Equality”, the full text of the goal on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal site is actually “Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.” This
Playing with fire in Santa Cruz
By: Lykke E. Andersen*
Juan Carlos Ledezma**
Eduardo Forno***
Currently there is a lot of speculation about the causes of the forest fires in the Amazon region. A Bolivian congressman, speculated that they probably originated in Brazil, while Brazil’s president Jair Bolsonaro
Deforestation and wildfires in Bolivia
By: Lykke E. Andersen*
Juan Carlos Ledezma**
Each year, towards the end of the dry season, Bolivian farmers burn forest and other vegetation to prepare for the next agricultural season. Slash-and-burn agriculture is a traditional farming technique that begins
Inputs for the National Policy for Integral Urban Development
By: Lykke E. Andersen*

Bolivia is currently in the process of developing a National Policy for Integral Urban Development, which is very important given the rapid and unorganized process of urbanization that the country is experiencing.
The influence of language on human and economic development in Bolivia
By: Lykke E. Andersen*
Lily Penaranda**
Languages are the main communication tool of the human species, but the impact they have on the interaction between people and the development of societies is often ignored. Currently, 7,111 languages are spoken
The Bolivian Highlands: A challenge for the country’s development
By: *Lily Peñaranda

The progress made in the development of indicators for the Municipal Atlas of the SDGs in Bolivia highlights the fact that the Andean region is lagging behind in several respects. It stands out for its high poverty
The fiscal resource management capacity in Bolivian municipalities
By: *Lykke E. Andersen
**Lily Peñaranda
It is difficult to find good information about SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions at the municipal level in Bolivia. However, UDAPE recently published a very helpful Fiscal Atlas. Specifically, the
The impacts of deforestation on biodiversity in Bolivia
By: *Lykke E. Andersen
**Juan Carlos Ledezma
The world is widely believed to be in the midst of the sixths mass extinction event, this time caused by humans rather than meteors or volcanic eruptions. A recent study by WWF estimates that vertebrate abundance
Empty homes in the Bolivian highlands: Evidence of temporary and incomplete migration
By: *Lykke E. Andersen
** Guillermo Guzmán
***Lily Peñaranda
With huge efforts and investments, Bolivia has achieved fairly high electricity coverage. According to the World Bank's World Development Indicators, in 2016, 93% of the population had access to electricity (1),
Business dynamism in Bolivia
By: *Lykke E. Andersen
** Guillermo Guzmán
In this article, we show how energy consumption data can be used to obtain information about the business dynamism in the country. Typically, one would use information from Fundempresa (1) to understand what is
The most attractive municipalities in Bolivia (as measured by growth in electricity meters)
By: Lykke E. Andersen*
Boris Branisa **
Guillermo Guzmán ***
Last week we showed in this post how big data from household electricity meters can be used to estimate measures of energy poverty and inequality at the municipal level in Bolivia. The objective of this blog is to
Measuring energy poverty and inequality at the municipal level in Bolivia
By: *Lykke E. Andersen
**Boris Branisa
***Guillermo Guzmán
Energy consumption is closely related to income levels. The more readily usable energy and the more efficient energy converting technologies are available, the better are the conditions for the development of
HIV is on the rise in Bolivia, but it is concentrated in just a handful of municipalities
By: Lykke E. Andersen*
Alejandra Gonzales*
Thanks to the diligent work the Programa Nacional ITS/VIH/SIDA y Hepatitis Virales did in Bolivia; we are able to present a good overview of the HIV situation in Bolivia. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can lead
Deforestation in Bolivia at the municipal level
By: Lykke E. Andersen*
Juan Carlos Ledezma**
This blog post is the first in a series that aim to contribute analysis, data and indicators to the upcoming Atlas of the SDGs in Bolivia at the municipal level coordinated by the Sustainable Development Solutions