10. REDUCED INEQUALITIES

10. REDUCED INEQUALITIES

High levels of inequality is a threat to social cohesion and sustainable development, especially if certain population groups are systematically deprived of opportunities due to their gender, ethnicity or income levels.

While Bolivia has managed to reduce the Gini coefficient from above 0.6 in the year 2000 to around 0.48 in 2013, it is still much too high, reflecting a society with stark contrasts in wealth and living conditions.

Interestingly, inequality is lower in urban areas than in rural areas, so rural-urban migration helps reduce overall inequality.1 Well-managed and orderly migration is one of the specific targets within the goal of reduced inequality, as migration is considered an effective tool not only for reducing inequalities but also for working towards many of the other SDGs.2

Promoting equality of opportunity and increased productivity of the poorest 40% of the population is necessary to reduce the unacceptably high levels of inequality.